On this day in 1942, the Battle of Stalingrad began as the Germans attempted to capture the Russian city of Stalingrad, now know as Volgograd. It was not to be. After five months, and the loss of 750,000 Russian troops, 400,000 Germans, 200,000 Romanians, 130,000 Italians, and a massive number of civilians, the Germans surrendered.
As Americans, with our own battles to recall, we often forget about the actions our allies took part in that didn't have American involvement. You can correct that oversight by doing a little reading from Antony Beevor's Stalingrad [940.54 BEE] or William Craig's Enemy at the Gates: The Battle for Stalingrad [940.54 CRA].