It was on this day in 1944 the the United States Army officially desegregated its training facilities. However, it still took four more years before the president, Harry S. Truman, signed Executive Order 9981: Integration of the Armed Forces, which integrated all the U. S. armed forces. That signing also took place on July 26.
Up to that point in the 1940s, African Americans had served in the military, but in separate units. Their service history was admirable. Here are a few items that highlight the service of Black units that served in World War II:
Holway, John. Red Tails: An Oral History of the Tuskegee Airmen. [940.5449 HOL]
McGowen, Tom. Lonely Eagles and Buffalo Soldiers: African Americans in World War II. [J 940.54 McG]
Morehouse, Maggi M. Fighting in the Jim Crow Army: Black Men and Women Remember World War II. [940.54 MOR]
Sheinkin, Steve. The Port Chicago 50: Disaster, Mutiny, and the Fight for Civil Rights. [YA 940.5453 SHE, eAudio]
Stone, Tanya Lee. Courage Has No Color: The True Story of the Triple Nickles: America's First Black Paratroopers. [J 940.5412 STO, eBook]